Mediatransparantie en Ethiek 


Onderzoek Voorbeelden Metajournalistiek

Mediatransparantie en Ethiek

Wie zich houdt aan the Tao of Journalism belooft ‘Transparant, Accountable and Open’ te zijn. maakt het mogelijk om knip- en plakjournalistiek op te sporen.

RJI Online biedt een overzicht van Media Accountability Systems.

Journalist en onderzoeker Martin Moore schreef een overzichtsartikel over de vele richtlijnen en codes voor kwaliteitsjournalistiek.


FHJ Factcheck
‘Deze weblog laat de resultaten zien van fact-checken door vierdejaars studenten aan Fontys Hogeschool Journalistiek in Tilburg. De studenten proberen steeds binnen het tijdbestek van enkele werkdagen te achterhalen of er iets ‘rammelt’ aan berichten die zij in de media tegenkomen.’

‘Op controleren Leidse studenten de feiten in het nieuws. Het weblog is een gezamenlijk initiatief van de opleidingen Journalistiek & Nieuwe Media en Wetenschapscommunicatie.’

Het Nederlands Genootschap van Hoofdredacteuren
Het Genootschap is een beroepsorganisatie, maar geen belangenorganisatie die alle Nederlandse hoofdredacties formeel vertegenwoordigt. Het publiceert de Code voor de journalistiek.

De Raad voor de Journalistiek
De Raad voor de Journalistiek is een onafhankelijke instantie, waar men terecht kan met klachten over journalistieke activiteiten. De Raad is een orgaan van zelfregulering voor de media. Het publiceert de Leidraad van de Raad voor de Journalistiek.

De Nederlandse Nieuwsmonitor
‘De Nederlandse Nieuwsmonitor is het wetenschappelijk instituut voor de journalistiek. Sinds de start van het project in maart 2005 staat het transparant maken van het nieuwsproces voor een breed publiek voorop. Aan de hand van wetenschappelijke inhoudsanalyses van mediaberichtgeving, levert de Nieuwsmonitor empirisch materiaal in de vorm van rapporten, dat gebruikt kan worden voor reflectie en discussie over de kwaliteit van de journalistiek in Nederland.’


Media & Society Foundation
‘Media & Society Foundation, headquarter based in Geneva, founded by a group of Swiss television, radio and newspaper professionals, has set a goal to help the media around the world improve their quality.’

European Journalism Observatory
‘By analyzing research and trends in the media industry, the European Journalism Observatory (EJO) aims to build bridges among journalism cultures in Europe and the U.S., contributing to the improvement of quality journalism. EJO’s work is designed to aid media managers, analysts, editors and journalists, thus reducing the gap between newsrooms and communications research.’

The Media Standards Trust
‘The Media Standards Trust is an independent registered charity which aims to foster high standards in news media on behalf of the public.’


Report an Error Alliance
‘The Web is a two-way medium. If you’re a publisher, journalist or provider of any kind of information, you want to know if you got something wrong. Right? So now it’s time to make it easy for people to tell you about it.’

‘MediaBugs is a service for reporting specific, correctable errors and problems in media coverage.’

Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting
‘FAIR, the national media watch group, has been offering well-documented criticism of media bias and censorship since 1986. FAIR publishes Extra!, the hard-hitting magazine of media criticism, and produces the weekly radio program CounterSpin, the show that brings you the news behind the headlines.’

Columbia Journalism Review
‘Columbia Journalism Review’s mission is to encourage and stimulate excellence in journalism in the service of a free society. It is both a watchdog and a friend of the press in all its forms, from newspapers to magazines to radio, television, and the Web.’

Pew Research Center’s Project for Excellence in Journalism
‘The Pew Research Center’s Project for Excellence in Journalism is dedicated to trying to understand the information revolution. We specialize in using empirical methods to evaluate and study the performance of the press, particularly content analysis. We are non partisan, non ideological and non political.’

The Freedom Forum
‘The Freedom Forum is a nonpartisan foundation dedicated to free press, free speech and free spirit for all people. The foundation focuses on three priorities: the Newseum, First Amendment freedoms and newsroom diversity.’

‘MediaChannel is concerned with the political, cultural and social impacts of the media, large and small. MediaChannel exists to provide information and diverse perspectives and inspire debate, collaboration, action and citizen engagement.’

Nieman Watchdog Journalism Project
‘The goal of watchdog journalism is to see that people in power provide information the public should have. The Nieman Watchdog Journalism Project grows from this premise and this goal: to help the press ask penetrating questions, critical questions, questions that matter, questions not yet asked about today’s news. seeks to encourage more informed reporting by putting journalists in contact with authorities who can suggest appropriate, probing questions and who can serve as resources.’



‘The Alliance for Lobbying Transparency and Ethics Regulation (ALTER-EU) is a coalition of over 160 civil society groups, trade unions, academics and public affairs firms concerned with the increasing influence exerted by corporate lobbyists on the political agenda in Europe, the resulting loss of democracy in EU decision-making and the postponement, weakening, or blockage even, of urgently needed progress on social, environmental and consumer-protection reforms.’


‘Spinwatch is an independent non-profit making organisation which monitors the role of public relations and spin in contemporary society. Spinwatch was founded in 2004 and promotes greater understanding of the role of PR, propaganda and lobbying through its website and through other outreach and campaigning activities, including media appearances, book and pamphlet writing, ‘Spinwalks’ and investigative reporting.’

‘LobbyWatch helps track deceptive PR. It is an off-shoot of the work of GM Watch which monitors and reports on the massive PR push behind genetically modified (GM) foods. In the course of investigating independent-seeming ‘third parties’ promoting GM we came across many organisations and individuals active in corporate advocacy across a wide range of environmental, agricultural, health, development, trade and other issues.’

Blog van Nicholas Jones
‘A journalist of fifty years standing offers a personal and independent assessment of the often troubled relationship between public figures and the British news media. My aim is to try to monitor events and issues affecting the ethics of journalism and the latest developments in the rapidly-changing world of press, television, radio and the internet. Expect too an insight into the black arts of media manipulation. So spin-doctors, Beware!’


PR Watch
‘In late 2008, the Center for Media and Democracy stopped printing its quarterly paper summary of our reporting, known as PR Watch, which had been launched in 1994–before online communications became the dominant way people chose to receive this news. Since then, CMD has focused on our online publications, featuring original investigative reporting and analysis of the public relations industry and spin.’

‘A collaborative, specialized encyclopedia of the people, organizations, and issues shaping the public agenda.’

Full Frontal Scrutiny
‘This Web site seeks to expose front groups, which are organizations that state a particular agenda, while hiding or obscuring their identity, membership or sponsorship, or all three.’


Justin Lewis e.a., The Quality and Independence of British Journalism. Cardiff School of Journalism, Media and Cultural Studies, 2006

The Australian Centre for Independent Journalism, Spinning the Media (PDF), 2010

Ellen Hijmans e.a., Nieuwsbronnen en de kwaliteit van de journalistiek. Een verkennende analyse van binnenlandse nieuwsonderwerpen in vier Nederlandse dagbladen (PDF), Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen, februari 2009

Otto Scholten en Nel Ruigrok, Bronnen in het nieuws. Een onderzoek naar brongebruik in Nederlandse dagbladen 2006-2008, Amsterdam, november 2009

Wim Elving en Betteke van Ruler, Trendonderzoek Communicatieberoepspraktijk 2005-2006 (PDF), Amsterdam School of Communications Research, Universiteit van Amsterdam, juli 2006

Voorbeelden van metajournalistiek